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Substance Abuse Education and Screening Program

The Department of Athletics established the Substance Abuse Education and Screening Program for the benefit of its student-athletes. The purpose of the program is education: to inform student-athletes of the dangers of substance abuse, to bring to their attention the best health-care advice concerning drug usage, and to assist any student-athlete with a substance abuse problem in order to identify and correct the problem.

It is not the purpose of these policies and procedures to ensure or punish any student-athlete who in good faith participates in this program.

Objectives
1. To educate the student-athlete regarding the dangers of substance misuse and abuse.
2. To prevent through education the misuse and abuse of chemical substances.
3. To identify through periodic screening those student-athletes who may be involved in substance misuse and abuse.
4. To recommend and provide confidential counseling for those individuals with substance abuse or substance abuse-related problems. It is the express purpose of the program to provide assistance to the student-athlete in solving any substance abuse problems encountered while at the University of Missouri.

Procedural Guidelines
1. Each year a substance abuse education presentation will be made to educate all student-athletes about the dangers of substance misuse and abuse. The purpose of the program and the procedures to be followed will be explained in detail.
2. MU student-athletes will be required to sign a consent form (pages SA-40) once each academic year. This form gives the sports medicine staff permission to collect and test his/her urine, saliva or breath samples for the presence of certain drugs and alcohol at such times as testing is required under this program during the academic year. At the recommendation of the team physician, blood samples may also be collected for the purpose of substance screening.
3. An approved independent collection team, under the direction of the sports medicine staff, will conduct collections of samples. Appropriate steps will be taken to ensure proper collection, identification and confidentiality during the testing of samples. Each individual sample will be coded to provide anonymity and to avoid any possibility of identification error. An appropriate accredited laboratory will conduct the testing. Drug screening tests will be for selected substances included in the current year's NCAA "Banned Drug List."
4. Under separate cover, the director of the laboratory outlined in #3 (above) will provide written test results to the Director of Athletics, and Director of Sports Medicine, who are required under this program to preserve the confidentiality of all test findings. Under certain circumstances, the student-athlete's parent(s) or legal guardian(s) or spouse will be informed of positive test results.
5. The head coach, Director of Sports Medicine, and Director of Athletics will have a confidential meeting with any student-athlete testing positive. Appropriate steps will be taken at this time to recommend and provide the student-athlete with the proper counseling, treatment and rehabilitation program necessary to assist the student in solving the problem. No information will be released at any time regarding any student-athlete's participation in counseling, treatment, or rehabilitation program.
6. If the Director of Sports Medicine and/or team physician determine that the student-athlete is not complying with the recommendation of the team physician, the student-athlete's name will be referred to the head coach and the Director of Athletics who will decide what further action, if any, shall be appropriate. The head coach and the Director of Athletics shall not disclose their action or information leading to their action except as required by University policy, NCAA or Conference rules or other legal requirements.
7. The Department of Athletics realizes that the abuse of alcohol, as well as drugs, is a potential problem for student-athletes. For this reason, testing procedures that entail use of an alcohol Breathalyzer device will accompany collection of urine for drug screening purposes. Breathalyzer findings that indicate alcohol blood levels equal to or in excess of 0.1% (weight by volume) will be treated as positive findings (see "Effective Positive Test Results"). Breathalyzer results below 0.1% will not count as positive findings but may, at the discretion of the team physicians, lead to more frequent follow-up testing of the student-athlete in question.
8. All student-athletes will receive at least one drug and alcohol screening per academic year. On the recommendation of the team physicians, certain student-athletes may be selected for more frequent screening. In particular, student-athletes with a history of positive test results will be singled out for more frequent screening, with timing and frequency determined by the team physician. More frequent testing of various teams may be done based on the wishes of head coaches, with the consent of the Director of Athletics.
9. The Director of Sports Medicine will keep confidential records of all test findings, as well as the actions taken based on these findings. When substance abuse counseling is involved, written notification that such counseling was received will be a part of these records. This data will be summarized on a yearly basis, with a report submitted to the Substance Abuse Committee that maintains confidentiality of the names of individual student-athletes, but includes detailed information regarding the number and nature of test findings and the incidence and nature of substance abuse counseling. All members of the Substance Abuse Committee will consider results of these reports strictly confidential. Release of these findings to other parties will occur only with the express permission of the Director of Athletics.
10.Copies of this policy will be made available to all members of the Department of Athletics staff, Substance Abuse committee and other persons at the discretion of the Director of Athletics staff, Substance Abuse Committee and other persons at the discretion of the Director of Athletics. Members of the Substance Abuse Committee will undertake periodic review of these policies.

Effect of Positive Drug/Alcohol Test Results
1. First Positive Test: The Director of Athletics, head coach, Director of Sports Medicine, and the team physician will be notified of the positive test result. If circumstances warrant, the Director of Athletics (or designee) and the head coach, along with the Director of Sports Medicine and team physician, will have a confidential meeting with any student- athlete who tests positive. The student-athlete has the option to request that one person of his or her choosing may accompany him/her to this meeting, the student-athlete and Director of Sports Medicine will contact the parent(s), legal guardian(s) or spouse to inform them of the nature of the positive test. The student-athlete may be required to participate in a substance abuse treatment program, which has been reviewed and approved by the team physician and the Director of Athletics. The student-athlete will be subject to unannounced follow-up drug testing for one year after the date of the first violation. Refusal to participate in the substance abuse treatment program, (if required), as set forth in this paragraph may be treated as a second positive test result.
2. Second Positive Test: The Director of Athletics, head coach, Director of Sports Medicine, and the team physician will be notified of the second positive test result. The Director of Athletics (or designee) and the head coach, along with the Director of Sports Medicine and team physician will have a confidential meeting with any student-athlete who tests positive. The student-athlete has the option to request that one person of his or her choosing may accompany him/her to this meeting. The student-athlete will be required to notify his/ her parent(s) and/or legal guardian(s) or spouse of the second positive test result in the presence of the Director of Sports Medicine. The student-athlete may be required to participate in a substance abuse treatment program, which has been reviewed and approved by the team physician and the Director of Athletics and will be suspended from any play and practice for a minimum of seven days. The student-athlete must provide proof that the treatment pro-gram was successfully completed. Refusal to participate in the substance abuse treatment program, (if required), as set forth in this paragraph may be treated as a third positive test result.
3. Third Positive Test: Any student-athlete who tests positive for a third time will immediately be dropped from the athletics program. Any existing athletic financial aid will be terminated at the end of the time for which it was initially committed and will not be renewed the following year.

Any student-athlete legally charged with the sale, purchase, transfer or possession of illegal drugs may be suspended from practice and play until he/she is cleared of those charges. Conviction of a student- athlete of sale, purchase, transfer or possession charges will result in automatic and immediate dismissal for his/ her team and in the loss of all athletically related financial aid. No punitive action will be taken by the department of athletics in those cases where a student-athlete spontaneously self reports his/her own personal misuse or abuse of chemical substances and seeks professional help to correct the behavior prior to an initial positive drug test result. Such a self-disclosure may be made to the director of athletics (or designee), to an athletic trainer or a team physician. In all cases, coaches will not be informed if a student- athlete voluntarily seeks professional assistance for the purpose of rectifying a substance misuse or abuse problem, unless in the opinion of the team physician, a clear and imminent health risk exists for the student-athlete or others as a result of said student-athlete's current drug usage. However, all student-athletes who self-report substance abuse will not be exempted from standard drug and alcohol screening procedures as outlined in #8 (above), nor will they be exempted from procedures outlined in steps 1, 2 and 3 (above) if the results of the future test are positive.

Chemical Substance Screening Procedures
1. The student-athlete will enter the testing site and will provide proof of identity. A number will have been assigned to each student-athlete at a prearranged time prior to his/her testing.
2. A student-athlete will be given an implied consent form, or he/she may have been given one previously to read, sign, date and have witnessed; if not, he/she will read and complete as mentioned above.
3. Upon completion of above procedure, the student-athlete will be given two assigned specimen bottles with numbers on campus and sides of the sealed specimen bottles. The student-athlete will be asked to verify the validity of his/her number. A professional observer will accompany the student-athlete to the voiding station for the spilling of urine into the specimen bottle. The door must remain open, and the observer must be in attendance at all times during the voiding. The specimen bottle will be returned to the pick-up station for validation of name and number and placed in properly supervised storage area.
4. If the student-athlete is unable to void, he/she is instructed to drink water or other fluids that are available. The fluids must be caffeine-free and alcohol-free. At the appropriate time, the student-athlete will inform the testing supervisor that he/she is capable of voiding and the observer will accompany him/her to the voiding station.
5. Upon completion of the voiding process, the observer will sign the student-athlete's implied consent form certifying that there were no irregularities. Any perceived irregularities in the process must be characterized and recorded on the implied consent form.
6. If the student-athlete refuses to provide urine or fails to appear, the student-athlete will thereby render himself/herself ineligible.
7. After the last student-athlete has been processed, the samples will be picked up by the laboratory and analyzed accordingly. If a positive result occurs, an alternative test is administered. If the alternative test is also positive, the original positive result stands. If the alternative test is negative, the result is negative.