The Official Compliance Web Page
of the University of Missouri
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What You Need To Know:
- Prospective Student-Athletes
- Current Student-Athletes
- Electronic Document Library
- Social Networking Q&A
- NCAA Athletics Certification Interim Report
- 2006 NCAA Athletics Certification Information
Questions? Please feel free to contact the Compliance Office via email (addresses below), by phone at (573) 882-2076 or by mail to:
University of Missouri
ATTN: Compliance Office
One Champions Drive
Mizzou Arena, Suite 200
Columbia, MO 65211
Meet the University of Missouri Compliance Staff:
- The University of Missouri's Guide to NCAA Rules
- F.Y.I. Compliance Newsletter Archive
- Student-Athlete Newsletter Archive
- Professional Sports Counseling Panel Brochure
- Student-Athlete Compliance Newsletter
- 2014-15 Student-Athlete Handbook
Disclaimer: All opinions and statements expressed in this web site are not necessarily complete expressions of the University of Missouri or its employees. The University of Missouri or its employees do not accept responsibility for any reliance upon any of the expressions in this web site. This web site is protected by copyright laws and all rights are reserved.
Index of Compliance Information
- Agents & Advisors
- Amateur Eligibility
- Academic and Related Student Support Services
- 4-2-4 College Transfers
- Continuing Academic Eligibility
- Extra Benefits
- General Transfer Requirements
- Involvement in Promotional Activities
- Medical Expenses For Student-Athletes
- Participating in Outside Competition
- Participating in Prize Money Events
- Playing and Practice Season
- Seasons of Competition
Agents & Advisors Top | Index
Listed below are several important NCAA bylaws that describe how a student-athlete may forfeit amateur status and remaining eligibility, followed by exceptions that allow for continued eligibility. For a more detailed list, consult the NCAA website.
An individual loses amateur status and thus shall not be eligible for intercollegiate competition in a particular sport if the individual:
- Uses his or her athletics skill (directly or indirectly) for pay in any form in that sport;
- Accepts a promise of pay even if such pay is to be received following completion of intercollegiate athletics participation;
- Signs a contract or commitment of any kind to participate in professional athletics, regardless of its legal enforceability or any consideration received;
- Receives, directly or indirectly, a salary, reimbursement of expenses or any other form of financial assistance from a professional organization in that sport based upon athletics skill or participation, except as permitted by the NCAA rules and regulations.
- Competes on any professional athletics team and knows (or has reason to know) that the team is a professional athletics team (per 12.02.4), even if no pay or remuneration for expenses was received; or
- Enters into a professional draft or an agreement with an agent.
Amateur Status if Professional in Another Sport:
A professional athlete in one sport may represent a member institution in a different sport. However, the student-athlete cannot receive institutional financial assistance in the second sport unless the student-athlete:
- Is no longer involved in professional athletics;
- Is not receiving any remuneration from a professional sports organization; and
- Has no active contractual relationship with any professional athletics team. However, an individual may remain bound by an option clause in a professional sports contract that requires assignment to a particular team if the student-athlete's professional career is resumed.
Professional Draft List:
An individual loses amateur status in a particular sport when the individual asks to be placed on the draft list or supplemental draft list of a professional league in that sport, even though:
- The individual asks that his or her name be withdrawn from the draft list prior to the actual draft;
- The individual's name remains on the list but he or she is not drafted; or
- The individual is drafted but does not sign an agreement with any professional athletics team.
- Exception-Professional Basketball Draft:
- A student-athlete in the sport of basketball may enter a professional league's draft one time during his or her collegiate career without jeopardizing eligibility in that sport, provided the student-athlete is not drafted by any team in that league and declares his or her intention to resume intercollegiate participation within 30 days after the draft. The student-athlete's declaration of intent shall be in writing to the institution's director of athletics.
An individual may request information about professional market value without affecting his or her amateur status. Further, the individual, his or her legal guardians or the institution's professional sports counseling panel may enter into negotiations with a professional sports organization without the loss of the individual's amateur status. An individual who retains an agent shall lose amateur status.
An individual shall be ineligible for participation in an intercollegiate sport if he or she ever has agreed (orally or in writing) to be represented by an agent for the purpose of marketing his or her athletics ability or reputation in that sport. Further, an agency contract not specifically limited in writing to a sport or particular sports shall be deemed applicable to all sports, and the individual shall be ineligible to participate in any sport.
If an individual attempts to contact a student-athlete regarding the marketing of their athletics ability in any manner, they should be careful. If a student-athlete has concerns regarding a player agent, please view the Professional Sports Counseling Panel pamphlet .
The current trend among prospective student-athletes and current student-athletes is to acquire the services of an advisor prior to, during, or after the draft. While an advisor may be helpful to some extent, many advisors are not aware of NCAA legislation, which may have a detrimental effect on your amateur status and intercollegiate athletics eligibility. Please refer to the department's memo on advisors to give you the necessary information to protect your amateur status and intercollegiate athletics eligibility.
Amateurism Top | Index
Only amateurs are eligible to participate in NCAA sanctioned athletic competition. Your eligibility status as an amateur is defined by your entire career, including prior to entering college. Amateur athletes participate in sports for personal and social reasons not directly related to financial gain. When student-athletes begin to receive benefits not accepted by NCAA regulations, they lose their amateur eligibility status.
Amateur Eligibility Top | Index
You are not eligible for participation in a sport if you have ever:
- Taken pay or promise of pay for competing in that sport;
- Agreed (orally or in writing) to compete in professional athletics in that sport;
- Played on any professional athletics team as defined by the NCAA in that sport; or
- Used your athletic skill for pay in any form in that sport [NCAA Bylaw 12].
You are not eligible in a sport if you have ever:
- Accepted money, transportation or other benefits from an agent or agreed to have an agent market your athletic ability or reputation in that sport. [NCAA Bylaw 12.3.1]
- Since becoming a student-athlete, accepted any pay for promoting a commercial product or service. [NCAA Bylaw 220.127.116.11]
- Been paid for work you did not perform, or been paid at a rate higher than the going rate because of your athletic ability.
Academic and Related Student Support Services Top | Index
Student-athletes have rigorous schedules and can not always take advantage of the resources of other students. That is why the NCAA allows for some support services to be offered to student-athletes free of charge. Some of the permissible recourses are:
- Use of copy machines or fax machines if required to complete a course
- Use of computers and typewriters
- Tutoring expenses
- Future professional athletics career counseling
- Counseling expenses related to treatment of eating disorders
- Drug-rehabilitation program expenses
- Course supplies if required of all students and specified on the syllabus
There are some resources that will always constitute an unfair advantage to student-athletes. Those resources that create too great an advantage for a student-athlete because of his athletic ability are not acceptable to the NCAA. Some of those non-permissible resources are:
- Course supplies not required per the course syllabus
- Typing costs
- Use of a copy or fax machine for non-academic purposes
4-2-4 College Transfers Top | Index
A student who transfers from a four-year college to a two-year college and then to the certifying institution shall complete one academic year of residence at the certifying institution prior to engaging in intercollegiate competition, unless the student has: (Revised: 1/9/06 effective 8/1/06)
- Completed an average of at least 12-semester or -quarter hours of transferable degree credit, with cumulative minimum grade-point average of 2.000, acceptable toward any baccalaureate degree program at the certifying institution for each term of full-time attendance at the two-year college following transfer from the four-year college most recently attended; (Revised: 1/9/06 effective 8/1/06)
- One calendar year has elapsed since the student's departure from the previous four-year college (i.e., one year since the date that the student-athlete takes formal action with the appropriate institutional authorities required for all students to indicate that the student-athlete is leaving the previous four-year institution and no longer will be attending classes); and (Revised: 1/9/06 effective 8/1/06)
- The student has graduated from the two-year college (see Bylaws 18.104.22.168.1 and 22.214.171.124.3.2). (Revised: 1/10/90, 2/16/00, 1/9/06 effective 8/1/06)
A "4-2-4" transfer student who does not meet the requirements of Bylaw 14.5.6 is not subject to the residence requirement for intercollegiate competition if any of the following conditions is met:
- The student returns to the four-year college from which he or she transferred to the two-year college, provided the student did not have an unfulfilled residence requirement at the time of the transfer from the four-year college. The amount of time originally spent in residence at the first four-year college may be used by the student in completing the unfulfilled residence requirement at that institution; or
- The student initially was enrolled in a four-year collegiate institution that never sponsored the student's sport on the intercollegiate level while the student was in attendance at the institution (provided the student never had attended any other four-year collegiate institution that offered intercollegiate competition in that particular sport) and provided the student was a qualifier and satisfactorily completed an average of at least 12-semester or -quarter hours of transferable-degree credit acceptable toward any baccalaureate degree program at the certifying institution during each academic term of attendance with an accumulative minimum grade-point average of 2.000 (see Bylaw 126.96.36.199.3.2), and spent at least two semesters or three quarters in residence at the two-year college (excluding summer sessions).
Continuing Academic Eligibility Top | Index
Once you have become a student-athlete at the University of Missouri, you have a responsibility to continue your eligibility. There are academic guidelines that must be followed in order to retain eligibility. Noted below are the NCAA academic guidelines for continuing eligibility.
- To be eligible for competition, a student-athlete shall be enrolled in at least a minimum full-time program of studies leading to a baccalaureate or equivalent degree as defined by the institution, which shall not be less than 12 semester or quarter hours. [NCAA Bylaw 188.8.131.52]
- Student-athletes enrolled in a college institution prior to August 1, 2003, must satisfactorily complete six (6) semester hours of academic credit the preceding regular academic term in which the student-athlete has been enrolled at any college institution to be eligible for competition. [NCAA Bylaw 184.108.40.206]
- For student-athletes who first enrolled in a college institution full-time on or after August 1, 2003, eligibility for competition shall be determined by the student-athlete's academic record in existence at the beginning of the fall term or at the beginning of any other regular term of that academic year, based upon statisfactory completion of at least:
- Twenty-four-semester or 36-quarter hours of academic credit prior to start of the student-athlete's second year of collegiate enrollment (i.e., third semester, fourth quarter);
- Eighteen-semester or 27-quarter hours of academic credit since the beginning of the previous fall term or since the beginning of the certifying institution's preceding regular two semesters or three quarters (hours earned during the summer may not be used to fulfill this requirement); and
- Six-semester or six-quarter hours of academic credit the preceding regular academic term (e.g., fall semester, winter quarter) in which the student-athlete has been enrolled full time at any collegiate institution (see Bylaw 220.127.116.11 for postseason certification). [NCAA Bylaw 18.104.22.168]
- The student-athlete must satisfactorily complete 24 credit hours each academic year or an average of 12 hours per semester of actual attendance. Remember: Must complete at least 75% of the hours used in satisfactory progress during the regular fall and spring semesters.
- The student-athlete must choose a major by their 3rd year (fifth semester) that leads toward a specific baccalaureate degree program based on the following:
- Complete 25% of your course requirements by the start of their 3rd year (fifth semester).
- Complete 50% of your course requirements by the start of their 4th year (seventh semester).
- Complete 75% of your course requirements by the start of their 5th year (ninth semester). [NCAA Bylaw 22.214.171.124]
- Student-athletes who first enrolled in a college institution full-time on or after August 1, 2003, must:
- Complete 40% of chosen degree course requirements by the start of their 3rd year (fifth semester).
- Complete 60% of chosen degree course requirements by the start of their 4th year (seventh semester).
- Complete 80% of chosen degree course requirements by the start of their 5th year (ninth semester). [NCAA Bylaw 126.96.36.199]
- The student-athlete must maintain a minimum semester-by-semester grade-point average equal to or greater than the following:
- Present a cumulative minimum G.P.A. of 1.8 by the start of your second year of enrollment.
- Present a cumulative minimum G.P.A. of 1.9 by the start of your third year of enrollment.
- Present a cumulative minimum G.P.A. of 2.0 by the start of your fourth year of enrollment. [NCAA Bylaw 188.8.131.52]
In addition, the University of Missouri requires that the student-athlete be in good academic standing, according to the Dean's office.
Extra Benefits Top | Index
An extra benefit is any special arrangement by an institutional employee or a representative of the institution's athletics interests to provide a student-athlete or a student-athlete's relative or friend a benefit not expressly authorized by NCAA legislation. Receipt of a benefit by student-athletes or their relatives or friends is not a violation of NCAA legislation if it is demonstrated that the same benefit is generally available to the institution's students or their relatives or friends or to a particular segment of the student body (e.g., foreign students, minority students) determined on a basis unrelated to athletics ability. [NCAA Bylaw 16.02.3]
The acceptance of an illegal benefit could result in the loss of your eligibility, your scholarship, and your right to compete in intercollegiate athletics.
Illegal benefits do not ONLY include receiving gifts or money. A student-athlete also may not:
- Accept athletics equipment, supplies or clothing (e.g., tennis racquets, golf clubs, balls, shirts) from a manufacturer or commercial enterprise.
- Receive more than the allotted number of complimentary admissions;
- Sell complimentary admissions at any price; or
- Receive material benefits or services that are not available to the general student body.
Thus, DO NOT ever accept special discounts on purchases or services or even accept special payment arrangements on any purchases. Be skeptical of any "free" or "special" benefits that someone wishes to give you.
*** If there is a doubt, check with the coach or the Compliance Office. ***
General Transfer Requirements Top | Index
NCAA member institutions are not permitted to contact student-athletes at other NCAA member institutions about transferring without first obtaining the permission of the athletic director of the student-athlete's current institution. Another institution may not contact a student-athlete nor encourage a transfer without such permission. A student-athlete may not receive any type of institutional financial aid during their first academic year at the new institution without the permission, from the previous institution's athletic director, to be contacted by other schools.
The first step to transferring to the University of Missouri is to contact your current athletic director, prior to contacting a coach or any member of the Missouri staff.
Involvement in Promotional Activities Top | Index
As a student-athlete at the University of Missouri, in order to participate in promotional activities, you must abide by the following NCAA rules and you must first call the compliance office at: (573) 882-3240.
NCAA Bylaw 184.108.40.206 permits a charitable or educational agency to use a student-athlete's name, picture or appearance to support its charitable or educational activities, provided the following conditions are met:
- The student-athlete receives written approval to participate from the Director of Athletics, subject to the limitations on participants in such activities as set forth in Bylaw 17;
- The specific activity or project in which the student-athlete participates does not involve co-sponsorship, advertisement or promotion by a commercial agency other than through the reproduction of the sponsoring company's officially registered regular trademark or logo on printed materials such as pictures, posters or calendars. The company's emblem, name, address and telephone number may be included with the trademark or logo. Personal names, messages and slogans (other than an officially registered trademark) are prohibited;
- The name or picture of a student-athlete with remaining eligibility may not appear on an institution's printed promotional item (e.g., poster, calendar) that includes a reproduction of a product with which a commercial entity is associated if the commercial entity's officially registered regular trademark or logo also appears on the item;
- The student-athlete does not miss class;
- All moneys derived from the activity or project go directly to the member institution, member conference or the charitable, educational or nonprofit agency;
- The student-athlete may accept legitimate and normal expenses from the member institution, member conference or the charitable, educational or nonprofit agency related to participation in such activity, provided it occurs within the state or, if outside the state, within a 100-mile radius of the member institution's campus;
- The student-athlete's name, picture or appearance is not utilized to promote the commercial ventures of any nonprofit agency;
- Any commercial items with names or pictures of student-athletes (other than highlight films or media guides per 220.127.116.11) may be sold only at the member institution at which the student- athlete is enrolled, institutionally controlled (owned and operated) outlets or outlets controlled by the charitable or educational organization (e.g., location of the charitable or educational organization, site of charitable event during the event); and
- The student-athlete and an authorized representative of the charitable, educational or nonprofit agency sign a release statement ensuring that the student-athlete's name, image or appearance is used in a manner consistent with the requirements of this section.
Medical Expenses For Student-Athletes Top | Index
If a student-athlete becomes injured:
- They must be screened by a certified athletic trainer prior to receiving treatment.
- All subsequent bills must be screened for legitimacy and liability, and are governed by University Policy Guidelines and NCAA rules.
Expenses Not Paid By The University:
- Primary student health insurance;
- Surgical expenses to treat an injury or illness that is not a result of participation in intercollegiate athletics at the institution;
- Medical or hospital expenses resulting from an injury incurred while going to or from class, or while participating in classroom requirements, unless similar services are provided to all students through the institution's overall insurance program;
- Dental work of any kind unless it is directly related to injury occurring during practice or competition;
- Routine eye care;
- The University of Missouri Sports Medicine staff feels it is unwise to seek chiropractic care for athletic related injuries without proper referral. If you choose to seek chiropractic care, you are responsible for arranging appointments and covering expenses;
- Athletes are not covered for injuries incurred during the summer semester.
- Athletes must be enrolled in a minimum of six (6) credit hours for at least 31 days to qualify for coverage under the MU medical policy.
*** If a situation is not explained herein, please contact a full-time member of the University of Missouri Athletic Training staff. ***
- Generally, athletes should be seen by an Athletic Trainer prior to seeking treatment at the Student Health Center.
- If a student-athlete is sick on campus, it is permissible for them to go to the Student Health Center immediately without first seeing an Athletic Trainer. Then please inform the training room as soon as possible following treatment.
- Complete a "Follow-up Information for MU Athletes" sheet at the Student Health Center, that will be faxed to your trainer for further care.
- The University of Missouri provides secondary insurance for athlete injuries. All insurance charges billed to a student-athlete must be processed and paid (or denied) by their primary insurance company before the University's insurance company can act.
- All walk-ons must have proof of insurance before practicing/competing.
- An insurance questionnaire form must be in the student-athlete's training room file, even if he/she does not have insurance coverage (scholarship athletes).
- If a student-athlete fails to keep or provide sufficient notice of cancellation of an appointment made with a non-team physician, the student-athlete will be charged the cost of the visit!
Participating in Outside Competition Top | Index
Participation in outside competition may affect a student-athlete's eligibility in a variety of ways depending on the sport and classification of the institution. A University of Missouri student-athlete must adhere to the following NCAA rules:
Sports Other Than Basketball
A student-athlete who participates during the academic year as a member of any outside team in any non-collegiate, amateur competition becomes ineligible for intercollegiate competition in that sport for the remainder of the year and for the next academic year. A student-athlete may practice on such a team.
However, a student-athlete may compete outside of the institution's declared playing and practice season as a member of an outside team in any non-collegiate, amateur competition during any official vacation period. The number of student-athletes from any one institution shall not exceed the applicable limits set forth below in 17.31.2.
In Division I Soccer and Women's Volleyball, a student-athlete may compete outside of the institution's declared playing and practice season as a member of an outside team in any non-collegiate, amateur competition, provided:
- Such participation occurs no earlier than May 1;
- The number of student-athletes from any one institution does not exceed the applicable limits set forth above in 17.31.2;
- The competition is approved by the director of athletics (via the compliance office);
- No class time is missed for practice activities or for competition; and
- In the sport of women's volleyball, all practice and competition is confined to doubles tournaments in outdoor volleyball, either on sand or grass.
Competition as Individual/Not Representing Institution
It is permissible for a student-athlete to participate in outside competition as an individual during the academic year in the student-athlete's sport, as long as the student-athlete represents only himself or herself in the competition and does not engage in such competition as a member of or receive expenses from an outside team.
Sports Other Than Basketball
A student-athlete who participates in any non-MU organized basketball competition becomes ineligible for any further intercollegiate competition in the sport of basketball.
Outside basketball competition, including competition involving teams with fewer than five players, shall be considered "organized" if any one of the following conditions exists:
- Teams are regularly formed or team rosters are predetermined;
- Competition is scheduled and publicized in advance;
- Official score is kept;
- Individual or team standings are maintained;
- Official timer or game officials are used;
- Team uniforms are used;
- Admission is charged;
- A team is privately or commercially sponsored; or
- Competition is either directly or indirectly sponsored, promoted or administered by an individual, an organization or any other agency.
Exceptions to Outside-Competition Regulations
The following exceptions to the outside-competition regulations are permitted:
- High-School Alumni Game. A student-athlete may compete in one game a year involving players from the student-athlete's former high school and its alumni team. In sports other than basketball, this game must take place during an official vacation period of the institution's academic year.
- Olympic Games. A student-athlete may participate in the official Olympic Games, in final tryouts that directly qualify competitors for the Olympic Games, and in officially recognized competition directly qualifying participants for final Olympic Games tryouts.
- Official Pan American Games Tryouts and Competition. A student-athlete may participate in official Pan American Games tryouts and competition.
- U.S. National Teams. A student-athlete may participate in official tryouts and competition involving national teams sponsored by the appropriate national governing bodies of the U.S. Olympic Committee (or, for the student-athletes representing another nation, the equivalent organization of that nation or, for student-athletes competing in a non-Olympic sport, the equivalent organization of that sport).
- Official World Championships, World University Games, and World Cup Tryouts and Competition. A student- athlete may participate in official World Championships, World University Games and World Cup tryouts and competition.
- Multisport Events. A student-athlete may participate in officially recognized state and national multisport events.
Additional Exceptions for Basketball Only:
- Summer League-Division I. A student-athlete may compete during the period between June 15 and August 31 on a team in a league approved by the Management Council per 30.16, provided the student-athlete has received written permission from the institution's athletics director (or the director's official representative), via the compliance office, prior to participation in the league. If the student-athlete is transferring and has been officially accepted for enrollment in a second institution, and if the previous institution certifies that the student has withdrawn and does not intend to return to that institution for the next term, this written permission is to be obtained from the member institution to which the student-athlete is transferring. Under such circumstances, the student-athlete does not count on the summer-league roster as a representative of either institution.
- Puerto Rico Superior Basketball League. A student-athlete who is a resident of Puerto Rico may participate in the Superior Basketball League of Puerto Rico.
- United States vs. U.S. National Teams. A student-athlete may participate in the United States against U.S. national teams.
- Outside-Team Tours. A student-athlete may participate in an outside team summer foreign basketball tour (see 17.31.2).
Collegiate All-Star Contests. A student-athlete who competes as a member of a squad in any college all-star football or basketball contest shall be denied further intercollegiate eligibility in that sport.
17.31.2 Sanctioned Outside-Team Tours. An outside team that includes student-athletes from more than one member institution may participate in international competition in any sport on a foreign tour. However, any such outside team that includes more than the following number of student-athletes from the same member institution must be certified by the institution in accordance with procedures set forth in 30.7.
|Baseball||4||Gymnastics||2||Track and Field||7|
|Football||5||Swimming and Diving||5|
Participating in Prize Money Events Top | Index
If you are a student-athlete considering participating in some kind of event that awards any prizes, please read the following NCAA Bylaws before you do. This is a list of commonly asked questions about violations for events that offer money, or its equivalent, as prizes for victory.
- An individual loses amateur status and, thus, shall not be eligible for intercollegiate competition in a particular sport if the individual uses his or her athletics skill (directly or indirectly) for pay in any form in that sport.
- An individual loses amateur status and, thus, shall not be eligible for intercollegiate competition in a particular sport if the individual accepts a promise of pay even if such pay is to be received following completion of intercollegiate athletics participation.
- An individual loses amateur status through the receipt of pay, which includes actual and necessary expenses or any other form of compensation to participate in athletics competition (while not representing an educational institution) from a sponsor other than an individual upon whom the athlete naturally or legally is dependent or the nonprofessional organization that is sponsoring the competition.
- An individual loses amateur status through the receipt of pay, which includes any payment, including actual and necessary expenses conditioned on the individuals' place finish or performance or given on an incentive basis, or receipt of expenses in excess of the same reasonable amount for permissible expenses given to all individuals involved in the competition.
- An individual loses amateur status through the receipt of pay, which includes cash, or the equivalent thereof (e.g. trust fund), as an award for participation and competition at any time, even if such an award is permitted under the rules governing an amateur, non-collegiate event in which the individual is participating. An award or cash prize that an individual could not receive under NCAA legislation may not be forwarded in the individual's name to a different individual or agency.
- An individual may participate singly or as a member of an amateur team against professional teams.
Playing and Practice Season Top | Index
The NCAA sets out guidelines about practice and game time limitations for coaches and athletes to follow. These guidelines are provided for the protection and safety of the student-athletes. Below are listed some of the more frequently asked about regulations.
A student-athlete's participation in countable athletically related activities (including multi-sport student-athletes) shall be limited to a maximum of four hours per day and twenty hours per week during the playing season.
All competition and any associated athletically related activities on the day of competition shall count as three hours regardless of the actual duration of these activities.
Practice may not be conducted at any time (including vacation periods) following competition, except between contest rounds or events during multi-day or multi-event competition (e.g., double-headers in softball or baseball, rounds of golf in a multi-day tournament).
Daily and weekly hour limitations do not apply to countable athletically related activities occurring during preseason practice prior to the first day of classes or the first scheduled contest, whichever is earlier.
Vacation Periods and Between Terms:Daily and weekly hour limitations do not apply to countable athletically related activities occurring during an institution's official vacation period, as listed in the institution's official calendar, and during the academic year between terms when classes are not in session.
Outside of Playing Season:
- Weekly Hour Practice Limitations - Outside the Playing Season
- Sports other than Football and Basketball. Outside of the playing season during the academic year, only a student-athlete's participation in required weight-training, conditioning and individual skill instruction shall be permitted. A student-athlete's participation in such activities per Bylaw 17.02.1 shall be limited to a maximum of eight hours per week with not more than two hours per week spent on individual skill workouts.
- Football. Activities between the institution's last contest and January 1 are limited to required weight-training, conditioning and the review of game film. A student-athlete's participation in such activities shall be limited to a maximum of eight hours per week, of which no more than two hours per week may be spent on the viewing of film. All activities beginning January 1 and outside the playing season shall be conducted pursuant to Bylaw 17.11.6.
- Men's Basketball. Activities outside the playing season during the academic year shall be conducted pursuant to Bylaw 17.5.6.
- Women's Basketball. Outside the playing season during the academic year, only a student-athlete's participation in required weight-training, conditioning and skill instruction shall be permitted. A student-athlete's participation in such activities per Bylaw 17.02.1 shall be limited to a maximum of eight hours per week, of which not more than four hours per week may be spent on skill-related instruction.
- Skills Instruction:
- Participation by student-athletes in individual skill-related instruction in sports other than football is permitted outside the declared playing season, provided not more than four student-athletes from the same team are involved in skill-related instruction with their coach(es) at any one time in any facility.
- Conditioning Activities:
- Conditioning drills per 18.104.22.168 that may stimulate game activities are permissible, provided no offensive or defensive alignments are set up and no equipment related to the sport is used.
- Out-of-Season Athletically Related Activities
Student-athletes and members of the coaching staff shall not engage in countable athletically related activities outside the playing season, except as set forth in this bylaw (see Bylaw 22.214.171.124): (Revised: 4/24/03 effective 5/1/03 to begin implementation at the beginning of the 2003 summer conditioning period, 3/10/04)
- Conditioning Activities. Student-athletes may participate in conditioning activities pursuant to Bylaw 126.96.36.199; as follows:
- January 1 until the start of the summer conditioning period -- Division I-A. [IA] In Division I-A, between January 1 and the start of summer conditioning, an institution shall conduct its out-of-season conditioning period as follows:
- An institution shall designate eight weeks as student-athlete discretionary time (see Bylaw 17.02.14). The designated eight weeks (each week must be seven consecutive calendar days) must be placed on file in writing in the department of athletics prior to January 1. Any changes in the designated weeks are permissible and shall be on file in the office of the institution's athletics director. Institutions are permitted to designate institutional vacation periods (e.g., holiday break, spring break) as student-athlete discretionary time.
- Required conditioning, weight-training activities and review of game films shall remain permissible outside of the eight weeks designated as student-athlete discretionary time. A student-athlete's participation in such activities shall be limited to a maximum of eight hours per week, of which not more that two hours per week may be spent on the viewing of game film.
- Spring football practice per Bylaw 17.11.6-(b) shall remain permissible outside of the eight weeks.
- Days outside the academic year before the start of the summer conditioning period that are not already designated as student-athlete discretionary time shall be considered as such.
- Summer Conditioning Period -- Divisions I-A and I-AA. [I-A/I-AA] In Divisions I-A and I-AA, between the start of summer conditioning and the start of preseason practice period, an institution shall conduct its out of season conditioning period as follows:
- Institutions shall count back nine weeks from the first permissible reporting date for preseason practice. During this nine-week period, institutions shall designate one week as student-athlete discretionary time.
- During the remaining eight weeks of the summer conditioning period student-athletes and prospective student-athletes who have signed a National Letter of Intent or, for those institutions not using a National Letter of Intent, a prospective student-athlete who has signed an institution's written offer of admission and/or financial aid, may be involved in non-mandatory weight training and conditioning activities that are conducted by the institution's strength coach for no more than eight hours per week. An institution may loan clean apparel (e.g., t-shirts, shorts, laundry service, socks and undergarments) to all football prospects who qualify for involvement in such activities (see Bylaw 188.8.131.52.1).
- Prior to participation in any summer weight-training or conditioning workouts, those prospects who have signed a National Letter of Intent and student-athletes who will be beginning their initial season of eligibility for football practice at the institution in the fall shall be required to undergo a pre-participation medical examination administered and supervised by a physician.
- National Service Academies. [I-A] National service academies shall be subject to the restrictions governing conditioning activities in Bylaws 17.11.6-(a)-(1) and 17.11.6.(a)-(2) except that they shall be able to designate nine weeks of student-athlete discretionary time between January 1 and the start of the preseason practice period.
- January 1 until the start of the summer conditioning period -- Division I-A. [IA] In Division I-A, between January 1 and the start of summer conditioning, an institution shall conduct its out-of-season conditioning period as follows:
- Spring Practice. [I-A/I-AA] Fifteen postseason practice sessions [including intrasquad scrimmages and the spring game permitted in Bylaw 184.108.40.206-(a)] are permissible. An institution is not required to count as one of its 15 designated days any day during which countable athletically related activities are limited solely to required conditioning activities and/or review of game film. Practice sessions must meet the following conditions:
- All practice sessions are conducted within a period of 34 consecutive calendar days, omitting vacation and examination days officially announced on the institution's calendar and days during which the institution is closed due to inclement weather.
- Any such practice sessions held during vacation days may not be of longer duration than those normally held when academic classes are in session.
- Only 12 of the practice sessions may involve contact, and such contact shall not occur prior to the third practice session.
- The noncontact practice sessions may involve headgear as the only piece of protective equipment.
- Of the 12 permissible contact sessions, eight sessions may involve tackling, and no more than three of the eight tackling sessions may be devoted primarily (greater than 50 percent of practice time) to 11-on-11 scrimmages.
- Tackling shall be prohibited in four of the 12 contact sessions. An institution has the discretion to determine the practice activities (other than tackling) that may occur during the four contact nontackling sessions as well as the protective equipment to be worn by the student-athletes.
- If an institution conducts a "spring game" per Bylaw 220.127.116.11-(a), the game shall be counted as one of the three sessions that can be devoted primarily to 11-on-11 scrimmages.
- The amount of time that a student-athlete may be involved in such postseason countable athletically related activities shall be limited to a maximum of four hours per day and 20 hours per week.
- Conditioning Activities. Student-athletes may participate in conditioning activities pursuant to Bylaw 18.104.22.168; as follows:
Seasons of Competition Top | Index
A student-athlete shall not engage in more than four seasons of intercollegiate competition in any one sport. [NCAA Bylaw 14.2]
Any amount of competition where a student-athlete represents the institution will count as a full season. [NCAA Bylaw 22.214.171.124]
*** There are exceptions to the above rules (e.g. medical hardship). Please contact the Athletic Compliance Office for a review of your specific situation. ***
Five Year Rule
A student-athlete shall complete his or her seasons of participation within five calendar years from the beginning of the semester or quarter in which the student-athlete first registered for a minimum full-time program of studies in a collegiate institution. Time spent in the armed services, on official church missions or with recognized foreign aid services of the U.S. government is exempt. For foreign students, service in the armed forces or on an official church mission of the student's home country is considered equivalent to such service in the United States. [NCAA Bylaw 14.2.1]
*** For a complete list of rules and exceptions, visit the NCAA website. ***
Last updated: January 27, 2015
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